Workshop on fluid stewardship

Workshop on fluid stewardship

How to set up a fluid guideline in your unit (Limited places during IFAD2017)

Register here

Date: November 23rd, 2017

Location: Hilton Congress Centre, Groenplaats, Antwerp, Belgium

Room: TBA

Scientific Program Chairs: Prof Dr Manu Malbrain, ICU Director, UZ Brussels, Belgium, Dr Niels Van regenmortel, ICU Director, ZNA Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgium

Program Chairs: Prof Dr Monty Mythen, Dr Marcia McDougall


Lui Forni

Marcia McDougall

Monty Mythen

Emily Ridley

Duration: 120 min

Pax: 40

Price: 125 EUR

Comment: This workshop can only be booked when attending the IFAD2017 meeting on Nov 24-25, 2017, at Hilton Congress Centre, Groenplaats, Antwerp, Belgium


Fluid Guidelines: Where do we start?

Fluid prescribing has been shown in the UK to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality: it has been estimated that up to 20% of patients who receive intravenous fluids suffer iatrogenic harm as a result.  It is therefore an area in which investing some effort in improvement is likely to prevent a great deal of patient harm.  There are now national guidelines in the UK for IntravenousFluid therapy in Adults, the NICE Guidelines.  In our large district general hospital in Fife, Scotland, wedeveloped a local version of these guidelines and have implemented them over a number of years through several steps.  In this workshop the pitfalls and challenges of introducing large-scale change such as this will be examined and suggestions made as to how you may be able to effect change in this rewarding and immensely important area of healthcare.

Learning objectives

  • To understand the potential risks of poor fluid management
  • To learn about recent British Guidelines on Fluid Management (National Institute for Clinical Excellence)
  • To discuss the challenges and rewards of implementing guidelines in a hospital.
  • To learn about a suggested process for improving fluid prescription and charting.


11:10 AM - 11:25 AM
Background of fluid guidelines and the NICE concept – Monty Mythen

11:25 AM - 11:55 AM
Establishing a team and organisation of baseline aufdot – Marcia McDougall + Faculty

11:55 AM - 12:20 PM
Setting the objectives of your programme – Marcia McDougall; Monty Mythen; Emily Ridley; Lui Forni

12:20 PM - 12:30 PM
Target the audience – Marcia McDougall

12:30 PM - 12:50 PM
Implementation and monitoring – Emily Ridley

12:50 PM - 1:00 PM
Discussion – Emily Ridley; Monty Mythen; Marcia Mac Dougall; Lui Forni


Workshop Plan

Delegates will be put in groups of between 5 and 6 people  (between 25-30 delegates so 5-6 tables)

Part 1 –MM/MMcD presenting about NICE guidelines and background to Fife’s work   (1110-1125)

1125-1155 Establishing a team: Who are the important people to involve?  Ask the groups to think about who is involved in fluids and who they would want to involve for max 3 mins– leader to do it, pharmacist, nursing leader, surgeon, physician, anaesthetist, key opinion leaders and ‘experts’ e.g. renal physician, intensivist, dietitian, include manager.  Funding?  5 minutes to discuss results - MMcD

Audits: 15 mins ICU/SHDU/Ortho/Theatres/MHDU/medical/surgical – elective/emergency

7 minutes for discussion in groups

Who will do it?   What to look at?

Basic numbers – pharmacy – what are we using in terms of volumes and types of fluids, breakdown for area

Costs of fluids used, litres/occupied bed day

Individual area audits:

How much fluid, which fluid did patients get?  Any evidence of assessment?

Why? How long for? Amounts of Na/CL/K given? How prescribed?  By whom?

Did they use pumps?     

How is it done i.e. pile of charts given to doctor?  Prescribed over weekend, overnight, any senior input, any information in notes?

Fluid balance charts – are they uniform across organisation?  Fit for purpose?

Attitudes to fluid prescribing/monitoring?

Are prescription and balance charts filled in accurately?

Complications of fluid prescription – over/underload, AKI, electrolyte imbalances 

Are there any incident reporting systems?

Knowledge of nurses/junior doctors – basic questionnaire

8 mins to feedback/discuss

1155-1220  Setting objectives of your programme

What are we trying to achieve?  Define this 5 minutes on Drivers for change and what are we wanting to achieve plus 3 minute discussion

Drivers for change? – these depends on audit results

Harm occurring?

Fluids used wrongly?

Education poor?

Costs – fluids and organisational costs from harm occurring

10 mins on

Barriers to change: Resistance to change amongst consultants, Time of group to implement change, funding?, Prescription  - culture – not important, most junior to prescribe, not on ward rounds, nothing about fluids on clerking sheets, different charts between areas, blank charts, juniors given charts by nurses without knowing patients, lack of guidance re stopping monitoring, lack of education, doctors from different universities/hospitals, poor decision making, lack of experience in junior doctors/lack of interest senior doctors?

FB charting: time-consuming,  lack of knowledge of volumes, low staffing levels, too many unnecessary charts, criteria for FB charts, attitude – understanding, culture – attention to detail without understanding implications, different charts in different areas, leadership, practicalities – where do you keep the chart, how accessible is it?  Paper or electronic?  Different systems between areas.  Is it discussed at handover?  Lack of education in nursing/health care assistant population.

5 mins to discuss  ER

1220- 1230: target the audience: Education:  Open session with all groups – MMcD asking

Who – Managers – convince them for funding – for nurse, consultant time and materials – leaflets, posters etc.  Get on to Clinical Governance Committees, medical director involved etc, senior nurses, national reports useful – if they say something needs improvement

Who – nurses, doctors, managers

How – face to face, lectures, mandatory training, e- modules, app, email communication, small group teaching, junior doctor education programmes, university teaching programmes, ‘train the trainers’, posters in lifts

When – Induction for doctors and new nurses, consultant mandatory training, spontaneous ward-based teaching, regular tutorials

National roll out easier in smaller country – share information

National meetings, cooperation (Scottish Patient Safety Programme)

1230-1250:  Implementation and monitoring: 10 mins group, 10 mins ER including PDSA cycles

Present audit results and show need for change

Design of Guidelines – leaflet, card for lanyards, intranet

Design of Charts: PDSA cycles  Start with 1 ward, 1 patient, 1 nurse, 1 chart – ask for comments, change – may repeat with other nurses/patients, then go up to 5 – if reliable for 5 likely to work.

Posters – for volumes, criteria, aides memoire

Organise a launch day: Let everyone know what is happening.  Publicity – emails, posters, stands, newsletters.

Monitoring – audits – what to audit, feedback of audits to staff, recording of incidents, publicity to hospital, data,  run charts, communication between fluid group and wards, sustainability – ‘ train the trainers’  How does it remain a priority for the organisation, monitoring fluid use.  ER to show audit and how feeding back to staff now.

Emily to talk about PDSA testing of charts, teaching sessions for nurses and audit.

Resources: Pack of resources for each delegate

Take/give email addresses to send electronic material

Fluid charts, guidelines, AKI poster, Stop and Think poster, Criteria poster, Dehydration/overhydration poster, volume guides, Hydration matters, 30 mini cards of both types, Questions Answered, 30 of everything.

Key references to important papers

  1. National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths report 1999. Extremes of age.
  2. NICE Guideline: Intravenous Fluid Therapy in Adults in Hospital: Clinical Guideline CG 174 Dec 2013
  3. de Silva AN, T. Scibelli, MA Stroud et al. Improving peri-operative fluid management in a large teaching hospital: pragmatic studies on the effects of changing practice. Proc Nutr Soc (2010), 69, 499-507.
  4. National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths report 1999. Extremes of age.
  5. Shaw AD et al. Major complications, mortality and resource utilization after open abdominal surgery: 0.9% saline compared to Plasmalyte.  Annals of Surgery. 2012; 255 (5): 821-829.
  6. Lobo DN, Dube MG, Neal KR, Simpson J, Rowlands BJ, Allison SP. Problems with solutions: drowning in the brine of an inadequate knowledge base.  Clinical Nutrition (2001) 20 (2): 125-130
  7. Powell AGMT, Paterson-Brown S. Safety through education.  FY1 doctors still poor in prescribing intravenous fluids.  2011; 342:d2741
  8. Leech R, Brotherton A, Stroud M, Thompson R. Analysis: It’s time to take nutrition and fluid balance seriously. BMJ 2013;346:22-2.

IFAD Workshop fluids

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